Initiate Path

Indo-European Studies 1

  1. Describe several of the factors that define a culture as Indo-European and how those defining factors are useful in understanding that culture. (minimum 300 words)
  2. George Dumezil’s theory of tripartition has been central to many modern approaches to Indo-European studies. Outline Dumezil’s three social functions in general, and as they appear in one particular Indo-European society. Offer your opinion as to whether you believe Dumezil’s claim that tripartition is central to IE cultures. (minimum 300 words)
  3. Choose one Indo-European culture and describe briefly the influences that have shaped it and distinguish it from other Indo-European derived cultures. Examples include migration, contact with other cultures, changes in religion, language, and political factors. Is there any sense in which this culture can be said to have stopped being an Indo-European culture? (minimum 300 words)
  4. Choose one other Indo-European culture and compare and contrast it to the culture discussed in question 3 above with respect to each culture’s Indo-European nature. (minimum 300 words)
  5. From its beginnings, ADF has defined itself in relation to Indo-European pagan traditions. What relevance do you think historical and reconstructed IE traditions from the past have in constructing or reconstructing a Pagan spirituality for the present and future? (minimum 600 words)

Liturgy 1

  1. Describe the purpose and function of ritual. (minimum 300 words)
  2. Describe some of the roles individuals might take on within the context of ritual. (minimum 100 words)
  3. Describe the concepts of the Center and the Gates in ADF’s Standard Liturgical Outline. (minimum 300 words)
  4. Discuss why ADF rituals need not have a defined outer boundary, or “circle” and the sacralization of space in ritual. (minimum 100 words)
  5. Discuss the Earth Mother and her significance in ADF liturgy. (minimum 100 words)
  6. Discuss the ritual significance of Fire and Water in ADF liturgy. (minimum 100 words)
  7. Discuss the origins of the Fire, Well and Tree, and the significance of each in ADF liturgy. (minimum 100 words for each of the Fire, Well and Tree)
  8. Discuss the Outdwellers and their significance in ritual (or not, as the case may be). (minimum 100 words)
  9. Describe the intention and function of the Three Kindreds invocations, and give a short description of each of the Kindreds. (minimum 100 words for each of the Three Kindreds)
  10. Describe other possible models for the “Filling Out the Cosmic Picture” sections. (minimum 100 words)
  11. Discuss how one would choose the focus (or focuses) for the Key Offerings. (minimum 100 words)
  12. Discuss your understanding of Sacrifice, and its place in ADF liturgy. (minimum 100 words)
  13. Discuss your understanding of the Omen. (minimum 100 words)
  14. Discuss your understanding of the Blessing Cup, or “Return Flow”. (minimum 100 words)
  15. Describe possible cultural variances for elements discussed in questions 3 through 14 above. (minimum 100 words)
  16. Describe how ADF liturgy corresponds with your personal or group practice. (minimum 100 words)

Indo-European Mythology I

  1. List and discuss the major primary sources for the mythology of three Indo-European cultures, including their dates of origin and authorship (if known). Discuss any important factors that may cause problems in interpreting these sources, such as the existence of multiple revisions, or the presence of Christian or other outside influences in surviving texts.
  2. Summarize, then compare and contrast the myths of at least two Indo-European cultures with respect to the following topics (you need not use the same two cultures as a basis of comparison for each topic):
    • tales of creation
    • tales of divine war
    • tales which describe the fate of the dead
  3. Explain how each of the following elements of ADF ritual does or does not resonate with elements of two different Indo-European cultures (you need not use the same two cultures as a basis of comparison for each element):
    • Earth Mother
    • Deities of Land
    • Deities of Sea
    • Deities of Sky
    • Outsiders
    • Nature Spirits
    • Ancestors
  4. Discuss how the following seven elements of ADF’s cosmology are (or are not) reflected in the myths of two different Indo-European cultures. For this question, please use the same two cultures as a basis of comparison for the entire question.
    • Upperworld
    • Middleworld
    • Divisions Of Middleworld (e.g., 4 Quarters, 3 Triads, 8 Sections)
    • Nether/Underworld
    • Fire
    • Well
    • Tree
  5. To what extent do you think we can offer conjectures about Indo-European myths in general? Are the common themes strong enough that the myths seem like variations? Or are the differences so powerful that the themes are less important than the cultural variations?
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